Inferring statin-induced gene regulatory relationships in primary human hepatocytes


MOTIVATION: Statins are the most widely used cholesterol-lowering drugs. The primary target of statins is HMG-CoA reductase, a key enzyme in cholesterol synthesis. However, statins elicit pleitropic responses including beneficial as well as adverse effects in the liver or other organs. Today, the regulatory mechanisms that cause these pleiotropic effects are not sufficiently understood. RESULTS: In this work, genome-wide RNA expression changes in primary human hepatocytes of six individuals were measured at up to six time points upon atorvastatin treatment. A computational analysis workflow was applied to reconstruct regulatory mechanisms based on these drug-response data and available knowledge about transcription factor (TF) binding specificities and protein-drug interactions. Several previously unknown TFs were predicted to be involved in atorvastatin-responsive gene expression. The novel relationships of nuclear receptors NR2C2 and PPARA on CYP3A4 were successfully validated in wet-lab experiments. AVAILABILITY: Microarray data are available at the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database at, under accession number GSE29868. CONTACT:; SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


PubMed ID: 21757465

Projects: SysMO DB

Publication type: Not specified

Journal: Bioinformatics


Date Published: 14th Jul 2011

Registered Mode: Not specified

Authors: A. Schroder, J. Wollnik, C. Wrzodek, A. Drager, M. Bonin, O. Burk, M. Thomas, W. E. Thasler, U. M. Zanger, A. Zell

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Created: 11th Sep 2013 at 14:13

Last updated: 24th Mar 2022 at 10:39

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